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Splash Fall 2019 is November 16-17, 2019!

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For Splash Teachers and Volunteers



Splash Spring 2019
Course Catalog


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Biological and Medical Sciences Chemical and Physical Sciences
Earth and Planetary Sciences Engineering
Humanities Life Skills and Hobbies
Lunch Mathematics and Computer Science
Physical Education Social Sciences
Visual and Performing Arts Walk-in Activity


Biological and Medical Sciences

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B7242: History of Molecular Biology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Catherine Stark

Come one come all to listen to the fascinating story of the history of molecular biology. We will embark on a journey to understand some of the key experiments that elucidated the central dogma and formed the framework for current understanding of how life works at the molecular level.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
curiosity! wonder! excitement!

B7070: Molecular Imaging of Cancer
Difficulty: **

Molecular Imaging emerged in the early twenty-first century as a discipline at the intersection of molecular biology and in vivo imaging. It enables the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms without perturbing them. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging, an important molecular imaging technique which produces a three-dimensional image or picture of functional processes in the body. The theory behind PET is simple enough. Briefly, tracking molecule need to tagged with a positron emitting isotope and followed by scan the body with PET-CT. PET imaging have many advantages. The most important is its sensitivity: a typical PET scanner can detect between 10−11 mol/L to 10−12 mol/L concentrations. Dr. Arutselvan Natarajan, Stanford staff scientist will give an overview of PET which is key imaging modality for cancer staging and therapy.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
10-12 grades

B7327: Introduction to Electrocardiograms (EKG)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Luis Arreola

Why can't you just shock someone back to life like they do in medical shows? What do those waves mean on the heart monitor? Want to learn actual medical procedures and diagnostics instead of hearing about it from others?

This intro to EKG class will focus on the basic electrophysiology of the heart, applications of the EKG, and basic waveform identification. We will be using a portable electrocardiograph to look at heart waves in real time and use the knowledge we have learned to interpret the rhythm.

This class is primarily geared to beginners and students with no prior experience or knowledge in medicine; all are welcome!


Class Style
Lecture

B6957: Save a Life: CPR and Basic Life-Saving Skills
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tejas Athni

Through interactive lectures and hands-on activities, we will learn basic anatomy & physiology, recognize the signs of cardiac arrest and other emergencies, and acquire cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other basic life-saving skills. At the end of the course, students will be equipped with the knowledge to save a life during an array of medical emergencies.


Class Style
Activity

B7267: Mushroom Mania!
Difficulty: **

What do cheese, zombie ants and the biggest, oldest living thing have in common? Fungi! Mushrooms are the part of the a fungus that we see, but they're just the tip of the iceberg. Most of the action takes place out of sight.

Come learn about the hidden world of fungi in this interactive course. You will learn about the ecology, evolution, and human uses of fungi, and will get hands-on practice identifying mushrooms on your own!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None

B7290: Biological Breakthroughs
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joshua Eggold

CRISPR, PCR, SDS-PAGE, FISH, RFLP, IF, CyTOF, MIBI, ATAC-seq, ChIP, ACT, CAR. From this list of biological techniques, you can probably tell that scientists really like acronyms! But what else can these techniques tell us? This class will provide an overview of groundbreaking biological techniques that have been developed within the last few decades, with a focus on why they are so useful. We will also spend time discussing the future potentials of biological research to improve our lives. If you’re interested in biology, scientific research, love to think creatively, or want to learn about some awesome technology, this class is for you!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Understanding of basic biological principles (cells, DNA, protein)

B6958: Mastering the Microbiome
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Mackenzie Little

There are few areas of current research in medicine that are more exciting, yet so poorly understood, than the human microbiome. Within the last 20 years we have begun to scratch the surface of the revolutionary potential that lies in our understanding and manipulation of this microbial world.


Class Style
Lecture

B7177: Optical Illusions
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hannah Kim

Have you ever been fooled by an optical illusion? Have you ever wondered if what you see is what is really there? Our eyes and brain have interesting abilities to help us perceive the world around us, but sometimes we can be tricked due to these same abilities. In this class we'll explore some well-known optical illusions and learn about why they might work.


Class Style
Discussion

B7322: Mind and Body: How Your Mind Makes It Real
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Can a sugar-pill cause morphine release? Can hypnosis cure blindness? Can looks kill (literally)? Can getting shot not hurt?

We'll talk about old history and new science developing around "mind-body" medicine, how your mind and brain affect your body in really interesting ways. We'll meet people with paralysis who can regain their movement, and blind people can regain their sight by the power of words. We'll see how the brain can produce pain completely independently of any "physical" cause.

We'll discuss theories of how the brain might be involved in diseases like fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome.

If that's not enough, you'll learn about ritual executions that rely on the victim's expectation, and soldiers in WWII who get shot but don't seem to mind.

In short, we'll explore the strange and perplexing frontier where Mind meets Body.


Class Style
Lecture

B6954: Dangerous Fauna: Carnivorous Plants
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

We usually think of plants as sedentary organisms that play a passive role in the environment around them, subject to the whims and hunger of animals roaming around. However, multiple times throughout the evolutionary history of Earth, plants have evolved the ability to not only eat animals, but catch them as well. In this class, we will be learning about the reasons why carnivorous behavior evolved in plants, what plants are carnivorous and how they catch their prey, and finally the basics of growing your own plants! (plants not included)


Class Style
Lecture

B7168: The afterlife of bones - introduction to animal/human osteology and taphonomy
Difficulty: **

Come to see our skeletons in the closet! Learn what is happening with bones after the organism's death, bones' structure, function, and how bones can help scientists to learn about the past.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Caution: real animal bones used in the class.

B7323: Determined to be Free
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Are you just what your genes tell you to be? Did difficult experiences mess up your future for good? What about nature vs nurture? Can you be triggered, or is that just a myth? We'll discuss all these exciting topics and more!


Class Style
Lecture

B7165: Chasing Coral
Difficulty: **

Coral reefs cover less than 1% of the ocean floor, but have up to 25% of all marine biodiversity. They bring in billions of dollars through tourism and fisheries! Come learn about coral reefs, how they have been impacted by climate change, and ways people are trying to protect them.

The class will include hands-on activities on coral bleaching and coral natural “sunscreen”, along with ocean acidification experiments and microscope demonstrations. The class will also show video clips from the Netflix documentary “Chasing Coral”.


Class Style
Activity

B7324: Shocked! - The Science of Neurostimulation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

We'll talk about shocking brains! We'll go from the olden days of neurostimulation of patients during neurosurgery to the latest research. We'll talk about all the ways we can directly act on the best organ ever (but hey, I"m biased).

Included in the class will be:
-A video of me being shocked in the head
-Seeing the speech area disrupted
-Treatment of mental illness (!!!) with neurostimulation.
-A discussion of the God Helmet


Class Style
Lecture

B6915: Foundational Topics in Neuroscience
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mia Leonard

We'll be covering some basic, fundamental topics in neuroscience including: What is neuroscience? What are neurons and how do they communicate with each other and the rest of our body? What are the parts of the brain and their functions?

At the end, we'll talk about what happens when structural or functional changes happen in the brain, and how that causes disease/disorder.


Class Style
Lecture

B6956: Life on Earth: A Brief History
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Life on Earth has been around for approximately 3.5 billion years. That's a incredible amount of time and a lot has happened to life over the eons. We'll be doing a *very* quick overview of the history of life on Earth and covering some of the most interesting epochs on our planet!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Intro Biology will help in understanding fundamental concepts covered in the lecture

B7071: How the Python Got Its Name: Greek Mythology in Animal Taxonomy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emily Ho, Alyson Melzer

You’ve probably heard of Greek gods, like Apollo and Athena, and Greek monsters like Medusa. These might seem like fantastical stories from thousands of years ago, but they are still relevant to our lives today - even to modern biology! In this class, we will explore the ancient stories that inspired the scientific names of all kinds of animals, and see what these stories can teach us about familiar and unfamiliar creatures. You’ll even get to do some storytelling of your own!


Class Style
Discussion

B7225: ~Hot~ Topics in Global Health: The Effects of Climate Change
Difficulty: **

We know that climate change may cause melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and increased coastal flooding around the world. However, have you ever wondered what role it plays in affecting the sanitation quality and health of billions around the world? Come join Partners in Health Engage at Stanford in a discussion about the often overlooked health consequences of global warming. Learn about what we can do to mitigate those effects, and how you can get involved and make a difference in the public health sector.


Class Style
Discussion

B7325: Practical Neuroscience
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What is the brain? How does it work? How can I make it stronger?

You’ll learn about awesome experiments that show that the brain can be rewired, remolded and strengthened. You’ll meet someone operating with half a brain (literally), people who built physical strength just by thinking about it, and people who rewired their brains with the power of thought. We’ll cover what you need to know about the brain.

If you’ve got a brain, you should take this course! :)


Class Style
Lecture

B6937: Let's Understand Diabetes
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Caitlin Maikawa

Diabetes affects millions of Americans, but why do some people develop it as children and how is it related to obesity? Come learn about the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, why they happen and how treatments have advanced since insulin was discovered in 1922!


Class Style
Lecture

B7289: Synaptic degeneration and neural stem cells in aging
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chandresh Gajera

More than 350 registered human Alzheimer’s trials have thus far failed to alter the course of this disease and, as a result, there is no FDA-approved disease-modifying therapy. There is huge unmet need for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. This class will introduction to 1) earliest initiating events that likely to alter molecular and structural features and play important role in disease onset during for neurodegeneration. 2) Bioassay that may be designed to integrate into current discovery processes, 3) How modulation of these early events including strategies targeting stem cell or replacement of cell/organelle may effectively treat diseases.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
General biomedical interest and curiosity

B7022: The Tree of Everything - Do all species share the same common ancestor?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chao Jiang

All living species today share the same common ancestor, or so you were told at school (hopefully). What evidences, besides the "unreliable" fossil records, do we scientist have to support this? The secret lies in the essence of all living species on earth (and maybe somewhere else in the universe, we are not sure yet) -- the DNA.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Somewhat familiar with the theory of evolution and DNA. A curious and open mind if you don't :)

B7254: Drug Discovery Odyssey
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Doris Mai

“Imagine running a maze that may have more than two dimensions, a huge number of entry points, and a very small number of exits or perhaps no exit at all,” describes Eugene Cordes, a former Merck scientist, about the drug discovery process. In this class, we will go over the process of drug discovery with concrete examples, why it is so expensive and time-consuming, and what are some exciting improvements.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Familiarity with basic biology and chemistry (i.e. you know what a protein/molecule is).

B7273: The Biology of Hollywood
Difficulty: **
Teachers: William Gearty

What would life really be like if you were shrunk down to the size of an ant or even smaller? Did dinosaurs really look and behave as they are portrayed in Jurassic Park? Would King Kong really have been able to stand up, let alone climb the Empire State Building? Could you really be mutated into a superhero over night? These questions and more will be discussed through the use of video clips from popular Hollywood films and tv shows!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Some interest in biology. Some interest in movies.

B7320: Mendel: Why was he so great?
Difficulty: **

We had been breeding plants and animals, selecting for desirable traits, for thousands of years before we knew how those traits were transmitted from parents to their children.

Mendel made a ground breaking discovery of the laws of inheritance in the 1860s. We will learn the secrets of Mendel's success and why Mendel is still relevant today.


Class Style
Lecture

B7012: Hepatitis B 101

Come learn about hepatitis B through discussion and fun games! We will go through the basics of the hepatitis B virus, disease transmission, and public health issues surrounding this topic, with an emphasis on ways to take action to spread awareness.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
eagerness to learn

B7068: Bird Senses: Vision and Hearing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rebecca Shi

How similar are bird senses to human senses? What adaptations give falcons such acute vision? How can owls pinpoint prey using only their hearing? How do we even know the answers to these questions?

In this class, we'll try to understand the world from a bird's point of view, with a focus on vision and hearing. We'll study the structures of bird sensory organs and explore the experiments that led to our current understanding of bird perception. Come learn about the fascinating world of birds!


By the end of this class, students should be able to…
Appreciate the challenges in answering questions about the sensory perception of other species
Describe methods we can use to investigate sensory perception of other species
Propose and interpret experimental approaches to answering questions about the sensory perception of other species


Class Style
Lecture

B7223: Biologist love math too! Mental math and the Origin of Life
Difficulty: **

How many bacteria can fit inside a single human cell? How fast can DNA replicate? How likely is it that random chemical processes led to the development of life?

In this fun, interactive lecture, we will give students an intuition for orders of magnitude in biology. We will then apply this mental toolkit to the most interesting question in science: the origin of life and of species.

Students will have a chance to think fast! and apply what they learned in several “Guess that (size/speed/number)!” quiz games with prizes.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
An open mind and a willingness to learn! Basic understanding of DNA and evolution helpful.

B7238: Immunotherapy 101: Using Your Immune System to Fight Cancer
Difficulty: **

Our immune system is incredibly diverse and potent in its capabilities. But, in multiple different types of cancers, our immune system is slowed down and cannot stop cancer from growing. Yet, all hope is not lost! Come to this class to get an overview of recent advances in cancer immunotherapy and learn how we can use medicine to power your immune system to take down cancer!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
High school biology

B6968: How to build a virus
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Becky Gullberg

Viruses are invisible to the naked eye yet they form beautiful and functional shapes that we can observe through a variety of techniques. In this course we will describe viruses and their infectious cycle in a cell. Then we will look at how viruses assemble into different shapes and sizes. We will explore the rules that govern the symmetry of a virus particle. Finally, we will discuss how understanding virus structure can advance human health.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic biology

B6928: Immunology of Allergies
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Carlos Medina

Have you ever considered the immunology behind allergies? Have you questioned why some people have many allergies and other people have none? Do you wonder why some foods, like nuts, are more likely to cause allergies than others? In this course we will first cover the immune cells that protect us in our daily lives and discover how these same cells can cause allergies. We will discuss different types of allergies and why some people are more likely to get allergies than others. We will also dive into food allergies and discuss why some foods are more likely to cause allergies than others. Finally, we will learn about current immunological therapies to treat common allergies.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Introductory high school biology, no previous immunology knowledge required

B7091: Breaking Bones: A Look into Osteoporosis
Difficulty: **

Worldwide, Osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds...ouch. In this class, we will answer questions like: What is Osteoporosis? How does it affect the human body? How can we prevent it?


Class Style
Activity

B7251: CRISPR & Genome Engineering
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Whether or not you've heard of it before, CRISPR/Cas9 is revolutionizing the biological world. I'll cover a short history of genome engineering, how the CRISPR/Cas9 system works, and applications of this amazing biological tool!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
First year biology

B7310: Birds of Prey
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Caitlin Hogan

Do you think hawks, owls, eagles, or falcons are cool? Have you ever wondered what makes birds of prey unique? If so, come learn about birds of prey from a wildlife center volunteer and state-licensed falconer!
We will talk about bird behavior, characteristics, and identification.


Class Style
Lecture

B6922: To Test or Not to Test? The Ethical Debates of Testing For Huntington's Disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Cole Holderman

If you were at risk for a disease with no known cure, would you get genetically tested? How would that affect your future? Would you want to have children?

Come explore principles of medical ethics through the principles of genetic testing, and the lived experience of Huntington's Disease.


Class Style
Seminar

B6973: Wild, Wild, Wild Illusions Full!
Difficulty: *

Have you ever been befuddled by a mysterious illusion? Are things not the way they seem? In this class, we will discuss the science behind and wonders of illusions and show many examples. The class will also include instruction on how to create optical illusions using your own hands! At the end, we will have some illusion-y snacks.

Allergy Warning
Doughnuts will be served.

TL;DR, do you like wild illusions?!?! Sign up for this class. :)


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Allergy Warning Doughnuts will be served.

B7306: Neuroscience and Artificial Intelligence
Difficulty: ***

Neuroscience aims to understand the mind, while artificial intelligence aims to recreate it. This course seeks to integrate knowledge from each field and shed light on their relationship. We’ll survey three topics: (1) vision and convolutional neural networks, (2) locomotion and reinforcement learning, and (3) hippocampal episodic memory and deep memory networks.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Required: Understanding of neuroscience fundamentals (e.g. neurons, synapses, action potentials, lobes). Preferred: Basic familiarity with artificial neural networks.

B7312: Foldscope workshop
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eleanor Glockner

Come explore the microcosmos with us! Students will each assemble their own Foldscope, a low-cost paper microscope invented at Stanford. We will discuss the philosophy and uses of this tool, introduce sample collection and preparation techniques, and then set off examining the microscopic world around us. This will be a fun, hands-on class great for anyone interested in affordable design, microscopy, or natural science.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
curiosity & nimble fingers

B7321: Genetic inheritance with Reebops
Difficulty: **

We will explore Mendel's laws of inheritance by breeding Reebops. Reebops are fantastical marshmallow creatures with several traits, such as straight or curly tails, that are inherited according to Mendel's laws.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Anyone can take the class, but you'll get more out of it if you're already a little bit familiar with Mendelian genetics. If you haven't already studied genetics in your science classes, you can get helpful background in the Splash class "Mendel: Why was he so great?", or you can read about Mendel and his experiments, or you can watch a video online. I recommend the YouTube video "Mendelian Genetics and Punnett Squares" in the series "Professor Dave Explains".

B7311: Vision and Optical Illusions
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Travis Ramirez

This course gives an introduction to the human visual system and explores perception and mind-bending optical illusions.
In this class we will learn what happens in the brain when we experience a visual illusion.


Class Style
Seminar


Chemical and Physical Sciences

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C7182: Electrodynamics and Relativity: From E to B
Difficulty: ****

Did you know that the electric field and magnetic field are the same thing? We will learn that the electric field is not just some calculational trick, but a real, living entity that has its own dynamics!
We will use Einstein's relativity to show that the B-field is only a relativistic phenomenon of the E-field.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic E&M, basic calculus, multivariable calculus is a plus. Special relativity is helpful, but not required.

C6924: Sweet Science
Difficulty: **

Come learn the fundamentals of chemistry using your favorite candies! Learn how Skittles, chocolate, and other treats can teach us about polarity, density, and solubility.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Please note that the candies used in these experiments may contain common allergens, such as nuts, milk, and wheat.

C7248: An Introduction to Electromagnetism: How Magnets, Electricity, and Radio Waves are the Same Thing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Justin Rose

This class is a very brief introduction to electricity and magnetism. We will emphasize the strong parallels between the two seemingly separate topics, and show how they lead to electromagnetic waves that make cell phones, radios, wireless charging, and more possible. No background required!


Class Style
Lecture

C7262: The Science of Color
Difficulty: ***

Where does color come from? In our everyday lives, we get color just by adding dyes, pigments, and inks to things, but have you ever wondered how we get those colors in the first place? Through some hands-on activities and exploration, we'll figure out the science behind color, which is more than just mixing paint together. We'll first examine color at the molecular level in the dyes and pigments we use everyday. Next, we'll explore how pearls and peacock feathers get their beautiful iridescent colors and play around with how the effect works. Come learn how color works all around us!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
High school chemistry

C7283: Science Fun With Augmented Reality
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pierce Ashworth

We'll be teaching a class that gives a high-level lesson on multiple topics in science, all through augmented reality: an amazing new technology that puts life-sized virtual models and simulations into your world.

Join us for a fun new way to experience amazing science of the future! We'll be covering everything from biology, to the solar system, to other great topics.


Class Style
Activity

C7278: Ice Cream Lovin' Full!
Difficulty: **

Learn about the chemistry behind the world's most delicious dessert! We'll learn through making our own ice cream using dry ice and a few other special ingredients!


Class Style
Activity

C6943: Fun With Chemistry

Chemistry is exciting and it happens all around us every day. In this class we will talk about the states of matter, a little about polymers (like plastics), and really anything else that gives us a chance to do cool demos for you all! You may get a chance to make a souvenir to take home, too. You'll just have to come and find out!


Class Style
Activity

C6950: An Introduction to Quantum Biology: The Quantum Mechanics Governing Life
Difficulty: *****
Teachers: Yağmur Erhan

When it comes to the physical scales in which they can the phenomena of, biology and quantum mechanics are the two opposite extremes. Yet it turns out that in order to explain some macro-level biological phenomena like photosynthesis, bacteria colonisation, human cognition and even love, the understanding of biology, chemistry and even Newtonian (classical physics) is simply not enough. Sometimes in biology,it turns out that, the greater picture is simply the collective of the individual behaviours of tiny atoms and even sub-atomic particles it is composed of. Established on this principle, this class will try to provide a re-interpretation of various biological phenomena through the conceptual basis of quantum mechanics. We will examine how various physical aspects, such as energy efficiency, of various biological processes are made possible through quantum mechanics.
**This class will not take all of 105 minutes. We will have some time at the end for discussion and questions, which you will be welcomed to stay!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
**All beginners are welcomed! (This is a VERY new field so no-one really knows about it :) ) Preferred: None to intermediate understanding of photosynthesis and nervous system.. At least, a conceptual understanding of some of the primary concepts in quantum mechanics like a wave function or wave-particle duality. (Conceptually, not mathematically)

C7024: Rain From Space: Cosmic Rays
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Richard Nally

The Earth is constantly being hit by high-energy particles from space. Although invisible to the eye, these "cosmic rays" hit the atmosphere and erupt into a shower of lighter partices, which can be seen by specialized, ground-based detectors. These muons in these cosmic rays have been some of the most energetic particles we have ever seen. In this class, we will discuss cosmic rays, and from them learn about both particle physics and astrophysics.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
While there are no formal prerequisites (other than a desire to learn!), past students have suggested that some familiarity with physics is helpful. In particular, concepts like conservation laws will appear in the lecture, and while I will certainly introduce them, seeing these for the first time can be intimidating.

C7030: Amateur astronomy and the story of our Universe
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Mae Teo

Ever wondered what's out there in the night sky? How do you use a telescope and how does it work? What do we know about how our Universe became the way it is?

Take an afternoon to feel small as we explore the vastness of our Universe. We'll introduce the characters on the cosmic stage: planets, stars, galaxies and strange objects such as black holes and neutron stars. We'll also take a little tour into the history of our Universe. Finally, we'll discuss telescopes and how you can get started as an amateur astronomer (no fancy equipment needed!).

If the weather permits, we'll go outdoors to use the telescope.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No background in astronomy needed, but knowing what an atom is will be useful.

C7173: Optics IRL

We will teach about different properties of light and demonstrate how they result in different phenomena in our world.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
basic trigonometry

C7176: Talking About Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Holden Lai

Students will pick their favorite topic in science and tell us about it!


Class Style
Discussion

C7282: How low can you go? The smallest thing you can see with a microscope
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Harry Thaman

A lot of modern science requires the ability to see very small things - cells, diseases, transistors to name just a few. But most of these things are far to small to see with your eye so other techniques are needed.

In this class we'll discuss optical microscopes, electron microscopes, atomic force microscopes and specialty techniques for 3D imaging. No previous knowledge required.


Class Style
Lecture

C7023: A single molecule: the smallest thing you can see
Difficulty: ***

Have you ever wondered what a molecule looks like? In this course, we’ll learn how we can use an optical microscope to see individual molecules. To understand how this works, we’ll learn about lenses and look at what all the parts of a microscope do. Then, we’ll explore the concept of diffraction and how it affects what we see in the microscope. We’ll see how some molecules radiate light by a process called fluorescence, and how we can use that light to see a single molecule even though it’s surrounded by millions of other molecules. Finally, we’ll learn about a Nobel Prize-winning technique called super-resolution imaging, which combines all these big ideas to look at biological structures like DNA, mitochondria, and the cell membrane one molecule at a time.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Introductory course in chemistry or physics

C7164: Eating with Your Eyes: The Chemistry of Food Colorings

Would you drink black water? Clear Pepsi? How about using pink butter or green ketchup? Believe it or not, these products actually existed, and not that long ago either. But there is a reason these food fads did not last. Consumers prefer that the color of food matches its flavor. Through a series of hands-on activities, this class will investigate the chemistry of food colorings, giving students the chance to understand how both natural and artificial dyes are used in what they eat and drink every day.


Class Style
Activity

C7175: Polymer Science
Difficulty: **

Polymers are fascinating materials that can be found everywhere in our daily lives. From the plastics we buy at the store to the skin on our bones, polymers come in all shapes and sizes. Due to their interesting and special properties, polymers have many applications, from flexible materials to electronic devices to complex fluids. In this short course, taught by the Stanford Polymer Collective, we'll learn about polymers through fun hands-on activities that highlight some of their most interesting and exciting properties.


Class Style
Activity

C7180: Basics of Special Relativity
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Brandon Sandoval

Einstein's theory of special relativity is based off two basic principles: the speed of light is always the same, and physics is the same in every inertial frame. In this class, we will discuss and show how these assumptions lead to time dilation, length contraction, and the loss of simultaneity. By the end of class, you will be able to solve the famous "pole-barn" paradox, and gain some intuition into the most famous formula in physics: E=mc^2.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Strong algebra skills and familiarity with mechanics will be useful when we derive relativistic quantities, but definitely not necessary to learn about the effects of relativity!

C6919: Black Holes, Dimensionality, and Imaginary Time
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Diego Celis

Ever wondered how black holes work? Why do they do the things they do, and what do they actually do? What's a singularity, and why are they important?

Or perhaps you've wondered about what our world is made out of. How many dimensions are there, and how do they work? What is the heart of our space made out of?

And imaginary time?! What is that?

Well, if any or all of these topics interest you, then you're in for a treat. This class will give you a solid introduction and understanding of how our world works and the tools we can use to study theoretical physics and the cosmos.

This class will be challenging, but if you are at least the tiny bit interested please attend! I can most definitely work with you and ensure you leave Stanford with a comprehensive understanding of the material. I look forward to meeting you!

NOTE: this class will not take up the entire 105min block. You'll be dismissed early, but feel free to stay to ask questions.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Integral and differential calculus. Physics I and preferably preliminary understanding of AP Physics C. Multivariate differentials preferred, but not required.

C7158: Science of Boba Full!
Difficulty: **

We will make various type of boba, and explain the chemistry and polymer science behind boba


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Passion for Boba!

C7161: Hot and Cold Packs: The Chemistry of Heat
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered what's inside those cold packs you use to keep your lunch cool? Have you ever thought about why certain chemicals get hot when you combine them? In this class, we will explore the chemistry of exothermic and endothermic reactions, why they matter, and how similar reactions in the human body can go wrong.


Class Style
Activity

C7264: Chemistry & Renewable Energy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Peter Csernica

Lean some of the ways that chemistry can provide us with renewable energy today & in the future! We will focus on two electrochemical devices: batteries and fuel cells. You will learn the very basics of how they work, and we will discuss their similarities and differences. Class will include a working mini-Fuel Cell Car as a demo!

Class will focus mostly on understanding the basics of how both devices operate, and should be accessible to anyone with an interest in learning more! Will be an interactive lecture.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
An interest in learning more about the subject.


Earth and Planetary Sciences

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R7221: Our Living Universe
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bennett Kapili

Life is unlike any other natural phenomenon we have discovered so far. But what exactly is it? What makes a collection of molecules alive? And how did the evolution of our physical universe lead to the emergence of life?

In this class, we’ll take a look at the physical events that set the stage for (Earth-like) life to arise, explore the first principles of living systems, and think about the evolutionary trajectory of life on Earth (and what it might mean for the prevalence of intelligent life elsewhere). Come learn about our place in the cosmos! Previous coursework in biology and chemistry would be helpful, but a curious mind is all that’s needed.


Class Style
Lecture

R7018: The science of earthquakes
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Yuyun Yang

This class will teach students the basics of how, why and where earthquakes happen. It will also introduce the different types of earthquakes, and events related to earthquakes, such as tsunamis.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Some very basic geological vocabulary, but most of the terms used will be explained in class.

R6972: Save Your World!
Difficulty: **

Fires, tornadoes, earthquakes and hurricanes have devastated the United States this past year -- more so than previous years. Why is that? In this class, we’ll take a deeper dive into the natural disasters of our world and how they’re linked to climate change. We’ll discover unique ways to make personal, local, and global changes to mitigate the effects of climate change. This class will include group activities and projects that will involve thinking critically about the world around us and how we can make the greatest impact.


Class Style
Discussion

R6955: The Search for Life in the Universe
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Dubreuil

Are we alone in the universe? How can we know? If we do find life, where can we find it and what will it look like? Will it be microbial or multi-cellular? Will life on other planets even have cells?

In this class we'll discuss these questions and the modern attempts to answer them in a brief overview of the Search for Life in the Universe!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
basic biology (recommended)

R7167: Python for Environmental Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Colette Kelly

Python is one of the most powerful programming languages for large, complex datasets, which makes it ideal for environmental research. In this class, you will set up Python and Jupyter Notebooks on your computer, then analyze a set of real oceanographic data (or data of your choice!). Please note that this class is for programming beginners — if you are looking for an advanced coding class, this one's probably not for you.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
A laptop computer (Mac preferred, but PC is OK)

R6940: Climate forensics: Unearthing millions of years of climate history
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tyler Kukla

Fingerprints of ancient climate states are hidden in rocks all around us. This course dives into how we find and understand these clues using field, lab, and computational modeling methods. We will discuss some of the key insights that we have gained from studying climate through geologic history, and what they mean for the future of our planet.


Class Style
Lecture

R6941: What's Under All That Water? An Exploration into Earth's Oceans
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Courtney Anderson

Have you ever wandered what lies at the bottom of the ocean? Or wondered how animals live under the bone crushing pressure of the ocean? Or even wondered how deep the deepest spot on Earth is? In this seminar we will explore the the wonders of the ocean and it’s adverse impacts on our daily lives. Come and join this introductory seminar that is open to all who wish to learn about our blue planet!


Class Style
Seminar

R7087: Food, the Planet, and You
Difficulty: **

What does food have to do with climate change? How are cows reshaping the Amazon rainforest?
Are organic veggies really better? What's the deal with GMOs? In our discussion-based class, we'll explore the connections between food, the environment, and health. Learn about the problems facing our planet and be part of the solution! (And enjoy some fair-trade chocolate).


Class Style
Discussion


Engineering

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E7237: The Solar Strategy

Want to learn how solar panels work? Wondered how to make solar flexible? Interested in next-generation solar technologies? Join the Stanford Energy Club’s Splash Class: "The Solar Strategy". We will be examining solar energy and its potential for scalable green energy around the globe!


Class Style
Lecture

E7007: Make a Solar Cell!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Shravya Gurrapu

Use basic chemistry and engineering principles to make a solar cell!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic understanding of chemistry.

E7166: No Wires Attached: Build a Wireless Energy Transfer Device to Light an LED
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nicole Bienert

We will learn how radio waves transfer energy and information, then apply this knowledge to build a simple wireless energy transfer system which lights an LED. The device can be taken home. The class will include several experimental demonstrations to illustrate the black magic of electromagnetic waves.


Class Style
Activity

E7292: Intro to 3D design and 3D printing!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Roberto Lama

3D printing is taking the world by storm! Wanna learn how it works and make a design that could be 3D printed? Take this class!

We will be using an online software called TinkerCad to start designing cool things. This class is ideal for people who have no to some background with 3D modeling.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
- Imagination!!

E6932: Build Your Own Speaker
Difficulty: *

In this class, you will learn about electricity and sound! We will discuss how electric signals get magically converted into sound waves in a speaker. And the best part, we will build our own speaker!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
If you have a phone, it can be useful in testing the speaker. If you don't have one, don't worry, we will be providing chromebooks as well!

E7183: Designing products for people
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Caroline Condon

As engineers, how do we know what to build? How do we know what people will want to use, what will be helpful, and what people will want to buy.

In this class, we will practice designing products for each other, using design-thinking and human-centered design techniques.

This is a participative, activity-based class, so come ready to start designing!


Class Style
Activity

E7021: Design sensors for robot hands Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jooyeun Ham

Conventional robots, even the state-of-the-art robots, which are made by former Google-owned Boston Dynamics, lack sensors on their hands. For example, it is impossible for a robot to grip a randomly shaped object without damaging its rigid plate-shaped hand. How can we make robot hands to be able to conduct dexterous activities, which need tactile sensing for feedback control.


Class Style
Panel

E7163: Photolithography

Learn how to make patterns using light through chemistry and engineering!


Class Style
Activity

E6934: How do Self-Driving Cars Work?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bradley Emi

In the very near future, cars will be able to drive themselves. How does this technology work? We'll talk about all of the components of a self-driving car, from mapping and localization, to how computers can perceive the world with cameras and sensors, to how cars make decisions and translate them into controls.


Class Style
Lecture

E6974: Design and Make Your Own Bouncy Ball!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Shravya Gurrapu

Learn basic biology, physics, and engineering principles and techniques to design and create your very own bouncy ball!


Class Style
Activity

E7077: Warp Speed Ahead: The Physics of Spacecraft Propulsion
Difficulty: ***

From the Enterprise’s Warp Drive to the Millennium Falcon’s Hyperspace Drive, faster than light travel is an integral part of every science fiction story. Although humanity can’t travel faster than the speed of light yet, we’ve come far in our understanding of spacecraft propulsion.

This course describes the different techniques that have been used to propel spacecraft, from explosive rocket engines to plasma-powered hall thrusters. We will then discuss future methods of space transportation and explore the challenges associated with traveling faster than the speed of light.

Due to timing restrictions the class is scheduled for an hour and 45 minutes, but will only actually take about an hour and ten minutes.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
All are welcome to take this class, but a previous knowledge of physics would be helpful. Concepts such as momentum and electric fields will be discussed throughout the course. An open mind will also be helpful as we'll be discussing special relativity.

E7309: Spacecraft Electronics: How do Rockets and Satellites Survive Space?
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Calvin Lin

Space is a harsh and scary place for your everyday electronics! Temperature variation, radiation from galactic cosmic rays, charged particles from the Van Allen belt, and other random sources can render most electronics these days useless. That's why most electronics have to be built to tolerate or shield radiation in order to function properly. Come learn about how electronics are built to withstand radiation and temperature variation. We will also be building a fun circuit that demonstrates these capabilities.


Class Style
Activity

E7314: Advanced Mechatronics: 10 weird EE tricks your teachers will NEVER tell you
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: John McNelly

How do I size resistors like a legit EE dude? What's a snubbing diode? Does anyone actually use bipolar junction transistors for stuff? Come learn all the things that I wish I learned as a youngling, and take your electrical engineering game to the next level.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic circuit building experience, familiarity with Arduino, hardcore DIY spirit.

E6970: Materials Gone Wrong!

It's a bad day if your phone screen cracks, but it's something else entirely if your airplane falls out of the sky. Learn about the science and engineering behind materials failures in history through demonstrations and hands-on experiments. Emphasis on HANDS-ON demonstrations, not a boring lecture! We'll experience first-hand how liquid metals can catastrophically destroy structural materials in applications like space exploration and aerospace. We'll explore how many materials can change dramatically with changes in structure, temperature, and other conditions. You'll walk away from this class with greater knowledge of the atomic structure of materials and a deeper appreciation for the diverse properties of the materials that surround our everyday life.


Class Style
Activity

E7326: Automotive Fundamentals
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Luis Arreola

Cars are everywhere! But how do they flippin' work?!?!?

Cars are one of the most underappreciated and least understood machines that our modern societies are privileged to have. This course will help students develop a basic understanding of how an automobile functions through lecture and the use of working models, example vehicles, and various parts.

We will learn to be able to recognize components under the hood of most cars as well as identify the components and functions of various systems working within the car. Topics will include general engine operation, brake systems, suspension systems, as well as a brief insight in how technology plays a pivotal role in a modern automobile. This course assumes no previous knowledge in automotive technology and all students are welcome to join (including those unable to register due to grade restrictions). Breaks and snacks will be included!


Class Style
Lecture


Humanities

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H7241: Film Appreciation and Discussion
Difficulty: **

We will be watching Pather Panchali by director Satyajit Ray, a movie ranked among the top ten greatest films ever made, and engaging in an hour of discussion about the film and its related themes, form, and philosophical questions afterwards.


Class Style
Discussion

H7272: Non-teleological thinking
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kartik Chandra

Why are some people taller than others? What does "leadership" mean? What is "cause" and what is "effect" and what is "credit" and what is "blame"? What, really, is an ecosystem?

All these questions are deeply, deeply related. This class is a discussion about non-teleological or "is" thinking, as developed jointly by John Steinbeck (a writer) and Ed Ricketts (a marine biologist) in "Log from the Sea of Cortez."

Please come prepared to speak up in class.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Please come prepared to speak up in class.

H7075: In a Manner of Speaking: An Intro to Linguistics
Difficulty: **

Are you curious about language? Have you ever wondered about what we say and why we say it the way we do? Do you want to learn more about headlines like “Gator attacks puzzle experts”, whether a “stone lion” is really a lion and a “fake gun” is really a gun, and why “get well soon” isn’t a command?

In this course, we’ll take a look at fun and humorous case studies of different kinds of linguistic occurrences. Through in-class experiments and group discussions, we’ll dive into the science (and art) of linguistics together. This class is about you and what you’re interested in, so bring your opinions to the table. We hope you’ll walk out of here excited about language and its quirks and amazed at the intricacies of the way we communicate regardless of the language we speak!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
An open mind and a healthy curiosity for words and language!

H7300: How to Write, but in a completely non-academic manner
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Alex Durham

Have you ever wanted to roast someone, but only thought of the perfect response after your encounter? Do you ever catch yourself thinking of mildly offensive things that you know you shouldn't say in public? Join this class and learn how to channel those thoughts into eloquently worded articles that will (hopefully) make people laugh!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Must be able to read and write.

H7009: Introduction to Journalism
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Gillian Brassil

Ever thought about working for a newspaper? Come learn the tricks of the journalism trade from an editor at The Stanford Daily. We'll work on journalism article structure, reporting techniques, investigative work and breaking news. Get ready to write!


Class Style
Activity

H7226: Natural Languages, Constructed Languages
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ji Hun Wang

*Have you tried to make your own language?*

English, Spanish, German, Chinese... what do these languages have in common? For now, I want us to focus on one commonality: these languages have evolved naturally by human beings through use and repetition over time, hence "natural languages." There was no deliberate planning involved to create these languages!

But are all languages around us natural languages? Or, do all languages have to be natural languages?

This course aims to understand the fundamental rules of the languages that we use everyday. In our attempt to understand how natural languages work, we will apply the lessons from natural languages to create languages of our own. These languages are called "constructed languages," and they are artificially invented languages through deliberate planning. At the end of the day, your creativity and insights will create a basis for your new language (which perhaps can be a larger project!), and you will realize that languages have something mysterious, something in common...


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
This class will be half lecture/discussion, and half group work. At the end of the second hour, I strongly recommend students to share their ideas in class, aimed at a larger audience. So get prepared to be active in participating!

H7233: Utopia and dystopia in the Soviet Union
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Fiorella Villar

Analysis of different views of the Soviet Union. What were the good things, what were the bad things? How did WWII affect the way in which soviets viewed themselves, the state, and the world? What are the positives and negative effects of having a "cult-of-personality" leader?


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None

H7031: Stir it up: Caribbean Music and Identity
Difficulty: *

This class will teach students about different genres of music within the Caribbean such as (Reggae, Parang, Chutney, Dancehall etc.) and the historical context that has led to the modern music scene in the region


Class Style
Seminar

H7089: How to Sue People: Intro to the Legal Field
Difficulty: *

In this course, we will teach the basics of the legal field. We will go through the differences between civil and criminal cases, how to read cases, and how to prosecute.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None!

H7266: Taylor Swift, her Impact, and her Reputation
Difficulty: **

In this class, we will address any and everything Taylor Swift. We will cover her life and her accomplishments. We will be sure to address exactly why she doesn't deserve the hate she has received post 2016. By addressing the controversies, we hope to help people understand her good intentions.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Know who Taylor Swift is.

H7315: Intro to Buddhism: A Fresh Take
Difficulty: **
Teachers: James Thieu

When people say that something is zen, they mean that it's tranquil, but did you know there's much more to Zen than that?

In this class, we'll be doing a brief run-through of Buddhism using, in Zen fashion, visual aids (read: memes) to facilitate greater understanding.


Class Style
Lecture

H6918: Existentialism, Nihilism, and Purpose
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Diego Celis

Why are we here? More importantly, what is the point of us even being here? Is it worth it? Is anything worth it? What is worth? Where are we going, and why are we going to begin with?

The philosophical and realistic implications of scientific discoveries have stricken many with great dread, depression, and insecurity regarding the purpose of life and the world around us.

In this discussion seminar, we will seek to explore these issues and concerns to try and find answers within ourselves. A great goal of this class is to share your perspective with others and learn from others' perspectives so that you may enrich your view of your place in the world.

Be warned that this class openly and freely challenges in discussion topics like religion, purpose, and morality. This class will also deal with dark subject matter. However, by treating these subjects with gravitas we will learn and explore a lot about our existence.

NOTE: this class will not take up the entire 105min block. You'll be dismissed early, but feel free to stay to ask questions.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Must have an open mind. Must be able to discuss and challenge topics like religion, purpose, and morality. Must be able to handle discussing dark subject matter. No prior knowledge regarding philosophers or their works is required, as none will be used.

H7081: Philosophy's Most Dangerous Ideas
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Andrew Lin

Reading is dangerous! Many of the world's most significant written works, at their core, ask some truly dangerous questions!

Taking a crash course through the curriculum of the Structured Liberal Education program at Stanford, we'll look at some of the most controversial, boggling, and influential ideas of intellectual history. In this discussion-based class, we'll tackle questions on purpose, death, consciousness, religion, and politics. Whatever you think is simple and obvious, I'm hoping (with the help of the ideas of some of history's greatest philosophical minds) to shake that up. An introduction to the big questions of philosophy and how they influence us today!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Warning: The way you see or think about the world may be completely changed! Be ready to think!

H7316: The Aesthetics of Data
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Leon Bi, Katherine Wu

As a class we will explore the hidden beauty behind data and what makes it so powerful. What can we learn from data other than just numbers? Can we connect with data emotionally? How can we use data to connect with others? Come and learn how to develop your own data projects that you can share with the world!


Class Style
Lecture

H7016: Fairy Tales
Difficulty: *

We are going to read, discuss, and analyze fairy tales such as Cinderella and Rumpelstiltskin!


Class Style
Discussion

H6936: Public Speaking 101: How to Speek Reel Gud
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jean Yi

Want to improve your public speaking skills? Want to get a short introduction to the exciting world of high school speech and debate? Attend this one-day class led by a former nationally-ranked high school extemp competitor. Students will learn how to create and present brief impromptu speeches. They must come up with a thesis statement, evidence, and reasoning to back up a cohesive argument. This interactive workshop will allow students to evaluate each other and give feedback. Snacks will be provided.


Class Style
Activity

H6951: Riding the Korean Wave: Hallyu and Other Aspects of Korean Culture
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Megan Faircloth

안녕하세요! Love K-Pop? What about K-Dramas? Wanna learn some Korean and think critically about Korean culture through a *scholarly* lens? Then this class is for you! Whether you're a new Korean culture enthusiast or you've been watching Coffee Prince since before you were potty trained, welcome, welcome!


Class Style
Seminar

H7181: Hala Wi Marhaba: Basics of the Arabic Language & Culture
Difficulty: **

Are you interested in learning an exotic language? While Arabic is one of the hardest languages in the world, you can still learn some basic phrases and nuances of it. And it will all be worth it! We'll show you how to write your name in Arabic calligraphy and teach you basic phrases and greetings. Also Arabic tea and coffee will be served along with traditional Arabic pastries! So come on through and enjoy exploring a new culture.


Class Style
Lecture

H7220: Fanfiction 101
Difficulty: **

What do you think of when you hear the term "fanfiction"? Whether you consider yourself an expert on the topic or don't know anything about it, we invite you to join this session and discuss what fanfiction is (and isn't), who creates fanfiction and why, and why fanfiction can be considered a literary genre of its own.


Class Style
Discussion

H7236: Magical Mystery Tour: The History and Impact of The Beatles in 15 songs
Difficulty: *

The Beatles may have only been a band for 8 years, but in that short timespan, they managed to redefine the bounds of music, synthesizing technological innovation with artistic tradition. Using 15 songs from their formidable catalog (and select movie clips!), we will explore some key components of the history, philosophy, and impact of the Fab Four on modern music.

So whether you're a diehard fan, a budding audiophile, or a skeptic wondering what the fuss is about, come and roll up for the magical mystery tour!


Class Style
Lecture

H7249: Linguistic Archaeology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mary Markley

Proto-Indo-Europeans lived in the late Neolithic period and left very little archaeological evidence. But we do know very specific things about them—their patrilineal society, their focus on animal husbandry, their lack of understanding of silver smelting. How? Their words. No one speaks their language today, but we do have reconstructions of their words based on languages that descended from Proto-Indo-European—languages as diverse as Bengali, Armenian, and English.

Archaeology’s not just digging in the dirt. Come explore how old words can be put together to make discoveries, and how regular sound changes can tell us what words people were using thousands of years ago. We will reconstruct words and show how they can be adapted to fit other languages.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
An interest in linguistics/language/history would probably increase your enjoyment of this class!

H7318: Build-A-World™
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andy Lee, Angela Yang

Skirt the rules of time. Sidestep the laws of gravity. Smelt the secrets of hidden friendships. Create the world of your dreams, whether it stretches across galaxies or fits in the palm of your hand.

In this workshop, we will explore different scopes of worldbuilding in pop culture and literature, from the vast and expansive (The Avengers MCU, Rick and Morty, Star Wars, Harry Potter) to the personal and intimate (the Hubermanns’ basement in the The Book Thief, the narrator’s morbid imagination in The Raven). We will engage in a variety of activities to help you play god and brainstorm blueprints of your own worlds, large and small, and we will discuss how the rules of our lives translate into fictional experiences, interactions, and relationships. You will have the chance to begin a piece of written artwork -- an idea, a story, a poem, lyrics, screenplay, storyboard (literally anything!) -- that delves deeper into one of your realms.


Class Style
Activity

H7319: Design Thinking: Design Isn't Magic, It's a Mindset
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Christina Gibbs

Design isn't abra cadabra. There are processes to it. There is reason. Design thinking is a way of problem solving that can help in engineering, design, life, etc.


Class Style
Activity

H7014: A Russian Classical Tradition of Strife and Conflict
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ophir Horovitz

The Russian classical tradition is widely known to be one of deep valor, ardor, and Romanticism--immediately, we think of the great Russian giants like Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, and Medtner. But were these composers' musical inclinations passed on by Russian composers of the 19th century? As it turns out, quite the contrary. 19th century Russian composers such as Mussorgsky and Balakirev preferred to stick to Russian folk themes in their music, while modern Russian composers adapted the Western influences of composers such as Chopin and Schumann. In this lecture, we will explore how two of 19th and 20th century Russia's most prominent music conservatories, the St. Petersburg and Moscow, disputed over a difference in musical approaches, and how Russian nationalism versus modern cosmopolitanism created two unique schools of musical thought within Russia during these years.


Class Style
Lecture


Life Skills and Hobbies

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L6944: Waltz for Beginners
Difficulty: **

Formals? Prom?? Do you want to learn how to dazzle a room with your dancing? Were you ever curious what it meant to feel like you were dancing on clouds? Have you ever wished you could waltz like Mia and Sebastian in La La Land?

Well now is your chance to learn how to waltz! We'll start from the very basic steps, learn about what it means to be a great dance partner, and by the end have you dancing like stars. You'll learn tips and tricks that will come in handy both on the dance floor and in everyday life. This class is inspired by one of the most popular classes in the University!

Notes: Absolutely no experience required in any kind of dance or music! Social dance is all about having fun and learning together. We rotate partners rapidly in class.

Here’s an example from this year’s Stanford Viennese Ball: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PHdLiit0ZAU


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No experience necessary! Socks may be more comfortable to wear as we will take off our street shoes.

L7160: The Geometry of Origami
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Nikhil Raghuraman

Are you artistic and creative? Or do you perceive yourself as more of a logical thinker? Regardless, origami represents an interesting hybrid that allows you to exercise creativity and artistry while developing your logical-thinking. An ancient Japanese art, origami’s logical basis was discovered and developed by Akira Yoshizawa in the twentieth century. Today, origami is both a respected artistic tradition and a logic puzzle. In this class, we'll fold an interesting origami model and discuss how origami can be turned into a variety of fun geometric patterns like tessellations and fractals! We'll also briefly touch on the process of designing new origami models, if time permits.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Some exposure to origami (at the level of origami cranes) and a willingness to keep trying even when the folding gets tough!

L7285: What are Options and what can you do with them?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chor Seng Tan

Ever heard of a call option? Or a put option? Or spreads? If you have (or even if you haven't!) and would like to learn about them, sign up for this class!


Class Style
Lecture

L7299: Science of Breakfast
Difficulty: **

We will be making some basic breakfast dishes and exploring the food science behind everyday cuisine. What makes bread rise? Why is it so hard to replace eggs? Just how does your local Starbucks barista achieve the perfect crema on your latte?


Class Style
Activity

L6931: Public Speaking in front of Important People
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Albert Hinman

We all usually have no problem conversing with friends, but we find an incredible amount of difficulty when we have to give a presentation to a personal evaluator (e.g. teacher, boss, adviser). This course will recap some of the basic advice you'll hear on presentation skills, cover essential design principles on PowerPoint design, and finish with subjective and advanced principles of communication styles, rhythm control, and pitch.

My experience comes from several courses in my bachelors that focused on technical research communication, as well as getting audiences excited about my own biological research over the past seven years.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Watch this 5 minute YouTube clip which makes fun of a bad PowerPoint: https://youtu.be/MjcO2ExtHso

L6938: Ice Hockey 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Caitlin Maikawa

Have you ever tried to watch a hockey game but not known the rules? Wondered why the whistle is being blown? Why players get on an off the ice so frequently? In this class we'll go over the basic rules of the game, review types of penalties, lesser known reasons why play might be stopped, and talk about some basic strategy. We'll use a mixture of "chalk talk" and video clips to understand the game.


Class Style
Lecture

L7035: Bird Basics
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rebecca Shi

Have you ever seen a brightly colored bird in your backyard or a raptor flying overhead, and wondered what it was? Come learn a few basics of birdwatching and how to identify backyard and other common birds! You will also learn how to use a field guide to help you identify a bird. After an indoor introduction to bird identification, we will head outside to search for the common birds around Stanford.

Designed for students who have no experience with identifying birds, but an enthusiasm to learn about the natural world.

By the end of this class:
Students should be able to describe the steps one would take to identify an unknown bird in the field.

Given an unknown bird and its family, students should be able to use a field guide to narrow down the ID to a few very similar species.

Students should be able to list a variety of characteristics one can use to identify birds

Students should be able to recognize the most common birds on Stanford campus.


Class Style
Activity

L7228: Communicating Narratives
Difficulty: **

This class invites participants to reflect upon their identities(s) and introduces the idea of taking space and making space for tough conversations. In a world which emphasizes voicing our own opinions, we want to highlight the importance of both listening and sharing. We will collectively examine what it means to practice empathetic listening which is vital towards effective communication. We will also contemplate the complexity and nuance of our identities and consider how we can best overcome our differences to engage in meaningful cross-cultural dialogue.

Our class will start off with a brief discussion on the tension that arises from differences (cultural, political, religious etc). Next, we will have a session which invites participants to undergo the exercise of sharing and making space through activities meant to engage everyone. We will also explore avenues in which we can foster dialogue in our everyday lives.


Class Style
Discussion

L7281: How To Be Happy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jack Golub

If you want to be sad and stressed all the time, don't take this class! This class is for people who want to be happy. Some things we'll learn about:
-how to understand our emotions and the impact they have on us
-how to control our emotions
-what it means to be happy


Class Style
Discussion

L6949: Wander and Ponder: Asking Questions That Matter
Difficulty: *

The purpose of this class is not to teach you anything. It’s to create space to explore more deeply a couple of the listed topics (see below) and for you to get to know a few of your peers better. We will enjoy the beautiful outdoors and take a walk to a campus location of the group’s choosing such as the beautiful McMurtry terrace or Hoover pavilion or the Oval and have a discussion throughout our time together.

Everyone is welcome, though this is truly a class where you get out of it what you put in. Ideally, the group will be comprised of people who are willing to share their thoughts and truly listen to each other. We are not looking for heated debate; rather, we are seeking expansion of understanding and inspiration to ask questions we didn’t know we had before.

Note: If it is raining we will hold class inside. Many of these questions come from discussions I’ve had in the Stanford community. Please come to the class prepared with a couple of thoughts or ideas in response to some of the questions below.

Potential Topics:
Public Service: Why do we do service? How should we reconcile intentions in terms of outcomes? Themes- privilege, savior complex, intentionality, reflection, etc.

Ethics of Big Tech: How do we reconcile the idea of CS and Social Good? Why do we consider societal benefit and high income to be goals on opposite sides of a spectrum? In what ways, if any, can/should we balance the good brought about by tech companies as opposed to the bad? Themes- AI, jobs, biases, wealth inequality, educational inequities, etc.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Prereq: None at all, except for a willingness to speak up AND listen.

L7125: Disinformation and rhetoric: when "facts" mislead
Difficulty: ***

Classic understandings of rhetoric are framed around fact-based discourse, personal authority, and inflamed emotions. However, modern technology has afforded media personalities, politicians and intelligence agents new strategies to persuade the public that often lie outside these understandings. Participation in society now exposes us to a deluge of bewildering rhetoric every day -- whether we like it or not -- including: disingenuous arguments, affirming the consequent and moving the goalposts. Most egregious is the fabrication of evidence to bolster these tactics: disinformation.

In this course, we review examples of these rhetorical techniques and discuss how to combat them. Public figures are more visible than ever on screens large and small, but in their shadow, the truth is obscured.

If the role of truth in US policymaking is to endure, we need YOU to shine a light!


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
A desire to end disinformation!

L7170: Avalon! A social deduction game! Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Louis Gosart

If you have ever played mafia before, you'll love Avalon! Avalon is a social deduction game, with a dynamic very similar to mafia, in which you try to deduce who's who based on certain clues. It is easy to learn once you play one round, and it can be incredibly fun and thrilling to play. Come by and play for a couple hours!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None, however if you've played mafia before or any game like it, that is a big advantage because you'll be quite familiar with how the game's strategy works.

L7252: History of Esports
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Michael Espinosa

A lecture on the history of competitive gaming from its origins (which started right here at Stanford) to the global tournaments, online personalities and exciting games we have today.


Class Style
Lecture

L7260: Learning Like a Pro
Difficulty: ***

Why are you coming to Splash? To learn something? Because your parents want you to? (Probably the second, huh). Regardless of how you ended up here, we hope you have the intention of learning SOMETHING from this weekend. We spend so much time LEARNING in our lives--through classes, tutoring, and even on your own--but have we ever wondered if we're actually learning EFFECTIVELY? How much quicker could we learn if we knew the theory and practice of how our brain acquires new skills?

In this class, you'll learn the theory, science, and PRACTICAL tips for how to HACK your brain into becoming a master learner. Please note that this is a highly experiential class, so come well-rested and be ready to get hands on with the activities; we'll apply the science of learning to actually acquire a brand new skill together. We expect full engagement.

Bonus: if you have any skill that you've been meaning to learn (examples could include: juggling, lock-picking, handstand, etc.), feel free to bring the relevant supplies to class and you'll walk away well on the path to mastering your skill.

See you soon,
Julian and Will


Class Style
Activity

L6921: Mental Models: the similarities of founders, executives and inventors
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Chan

As opportunities, paths, and the situations around you change, what stays consistent is your ability to carefully contemplate your current path, discern what others perceive as risk as opportunities, and make measured choices to return great rewards.

In this short class, we'll talk about insights into how to live your life that are supported by the experience of people from founders, venture capitalists, and journalists to inventors, scientists, and world leaders.

Recommended Readings:
The Black Swan - Taleb
12 Rules for Life - Peterson
Principles: Life and Work - Dalio
https://twitter.com/naval/status/1002103360646823936


Class Style
Lecture

L7257: That's the Tea! The History & Science of Tea
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Melissa Santos

Join me for a class about all things tea! We'll learn some history about the tea trade, tea ceremonies and practices across cultures, and the science of the tea making process! And, of course, no class on tea would be complete without drinking some ACTUAL tea, so we will also taste-test a small sampling of teas.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
None, but please let me know if you have any allergies/dietary restrictions!

L7296: Digital Citizenship
Difficulty: *

This class will teach students how to use technology and social media appropriately in an increasingly connected world.


Class Style
Seminar

L6947: Street Swing for Beginners
Difficulty: **

Prom coming up? Ever hear a ~bop~ and wish you knew how to dance to it with some style and a partner in your arms? We will learn a dance known as Street Swing (aka Bugg aka 4-count Hustle) because it’s a grassroots American dance, meaning it’s super easy to pick up. If you can take 4 steps, you can dance it!

We'll start from the very basic steps, pick up a bunch of really smooth moves, learn about what it means to be a great dance partner, and by the end have you dancing like stars. You'll learn tips and tricks that will come in handy both on the dance floor and in everyday life. This class is inspired by one of the most popular classes in the University!

Notes: Absolutely no experience required in any kind of dance or music! Social dance is all about having fun and learning together. We rotate partners rapidly in class.

Here’s an example from this year's Viennese Ball (we will be doing a dance similar to this, but easier that works with a lot of popular music like Shut Up and Dance): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BOQx7VkStNE


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No experience necessary! Socks may be more comfortable to wear as we will take off our street shoes.

L7078: Organic Chem & School Survival Guide
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David J Florez R

Tips and cleared misconceptions about life at stanford and college overall.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Basic Chemistry would help, nothing magical. Truly no need if there's guts. Be ready to learn and teach. Heartbeat. Voice.

L7178: The Buzz About Honey Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Hannah Kim

Do you like honey and want to learn more about this delicious natural sweetener? Then this class is for you! Come join us as we learn about different varieties of honey and how they come about, and some history and background about how people have used honey in the past and in current times. Afterwards we will share a honey tasting together to try out a range of different varieties and apply what we have learned.


Class Style
Lecture

L7261: How to Win Friends and Influence People
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Chris Peisch

I will be teaching the lessons from Dale Carnegie's famous book "How to Win Friends and Influence People." The book is a guide of advice on how to behave and interact with other people in order to make people like you. The book is split into four sections "Techniques for Handling People," "Six ways to make people like you," "Win people to your way of thinking," and "Be a Leader: How to Change People Without Giving Offense or Arousing Resentment"


Class Style
Seminar

L6935: Intro to Personal Finance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Ko

What does it mean to take out a loan? How do we effectively use credit? Why are so many Americans in debt? Learning about personal finance can help you avoid money problems down the road and empower you to reach your goals.

In this class, we will discuss what you will want to know about finances to make smart decisions with your money. Come find out little steps that you can take now to practice and build better money habits.

Please bring any questions you would like to discuss about personal finance. Note that this is NOT purely an investing class, though we may talk a little about how investing may fit into your saving strategy.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
This class is geared towards complete beginners. If you don’t know or understand credit scores, budgeting, or interest rates, then this is the class for you.

L7085: How To Be A Real-World Problem Solver?
Difficulty: *

Want a career solving problems? Consider consulting! Learn how to effectively solve problems for different clients from small businesses to Bill Gates with the same techniques used by world-class consulting companies.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Recommended to have basic understanding of math.

L7184: Teach Like a Pro
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wanted to teach your friends something and you really wanted them to understood it? Perhaps, it was a new game or concept. You may have also considered being a tutor or an educator. This class will explore how people learn and prepare you to leave with new teaching skills…and maybe even some new life skills.


Class Style
Activity

L7265: Visual Note-taking/Sketchnoting
Difficulty: **

Using visual note-taking strategies, students will learn how to capture information and communicate their ideas visually. Visual note-taking is a powerful skill that students can carry with them in many settings.


Class Style
Activity

L7295: Startups For High Schoolers
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Shreyas Parab

If you got a nickel each time you heard "startup" in this area, you'd probably have more money than 90% of entrepreneurs! Most high schoolers put off learning about this exciting, difficult, yet rewarding path of entrepreneurship because they'll "do it when they are older". False. Start today, start tomorrow, all that matters is you can start now.

Learn about the basics of starting a company, the kinds of things that separate a company from a hobby, the resources available to high schoolers, and how to turn your age into an advantage. The goal of this class is not to

The teacher has started two companies, one which sells funny ties and an education platform to help kids conquer spelling bees. One of his companies was acquired by a multi-million dollar education company and the other made him the youngest supplier to the world's largest retailer. He currently works for a billionaire working on incubating creative ideas and strategies.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
A pulse, hunger, and hustle. Knowledge of quantum mechanics not necessary, but might be useful in life beyond this class.

L7034: How to Educate Your Parents
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Elena Semeyko

Do you wish your parents understood better what you're going through? Knew more about school or college life?
Do you want to help them with their professional development? Or just find a new way to spend quality time together?
Then you may need to switch from student's role to the role of educator / facilitator.

In this class, we will use design thinking techniques to brainstorm and discuss ideas on how to:
1) educate your parents on subjects that are important to you
2) help parents to learn things that are important to them

Be prepared to interact with other participants. Whiteboards and sticky notes are on us.


Class Style
Activity

L7172: Modern Swing
Difficulty: **

Swing dance is a style of dance that became popular in the 1920s. Today, it is a catch-all term for dance styles ranging from Lindy Hop to Jitterbug and has even been adapted to more modern styles.

Using the most basic steps, we will teach students several swing dance dips and will demonstrate more advanced moves. Students will leave the class with some cool moves they can use to impress their friends and an appreciation for an integral part of American History and Culture


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
This is supposed to be a low stress and fun class. No prior dance experience necessary but come with an expectation and willingness to have a great time.


Lunch

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L7329: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.

L7330: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.


Mathematics and Computer Science

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M6930: Introduction to Cryptography
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ethan Chi, Emily Wen

Come learn all things code! In this hands-on class, we’ll be learning about the history of ciphers, including that of the Caesar, Vigenère, and RSA ciphers. We’ll also be working to break codes using complex code-breaking techniques, such as frequency analysis.


Class Style
Discussion

M7159: Shor's algorithm: How quantum computers can factor large numbers
Difficulty: *****
Teachers: Dawei Ding

Quantum computing technology is rapidly growing field, making headlines in almost every major news outlet and attracting attention from all corners of our modern, tech-saturated society. One highly advertised application of quantum computers is its ability to efficiently factor large numbers, an ability that can break the most popular encryption schemes today. The algorithm that realizes this is Shor's algorithm ('94). In this class we will present the technical details of Shor's algorithm only assuming familiarity with advanced high school level mathematics.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
AP level mathematics, preferably some background in basic linear algebra and number theory

M7234: Who needs a calculator?
Difficulty: **

Do you know what day of the week March 8, 1976 was? Do you know what 3842 squared is? Do you want to know how to do these (and more!) in your head? Come take our class!


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Basic math skills! Nothing beyond simple algebra.

M6929: Brain Teasers and Logic Puzzles!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ethan Chi, Emily Wen

Challenge your mind in this hands-on class! We'll be presenting and trying all kinds of fun logic puzzles. Some puzzles we'll be exploring will include logic grid puzzles, word puzzles, deduction puzzles, and linguistics puzzles.


Class Style
Activity

M7286: Infinite Series
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Anthony Beron

There are cool ways to write down infinitely long lists of numbers. One is with a series. They're a neat math trick that uses special shorthand to shrink something that's never-ending into just a few terms. What's even cooler-you can use them to describe shapes (Archimede's did, for example). We'll just go over the basics, then learn a little of the math involved so you can tinker with your own series!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Geometry, algebra (understanding exponents), trigonometry and calculus are very helpful

M6927: How To Build Mobile Apps
Difficulty: ***

Students will learn how to hit the ground running with cross-platform mobile apps in this class. They will learn how to build apps with React Native on the Expo platform (both free and open source). At the end of the class, students will have built their very own apps!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Some prior programming experience will be very helpful. If you've done a little bit HTML/CSS before, that's great. If not, go through Codecademy's courses on JS, HTML and CSS.

M7084: How To Make Your Own Meme Page
Difficulty: *

Ever wonder how you could share your memes to the world? Build your own website using HTML and CSS and post your favorite memes on it for friends to see.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Bring your own memes (screenshots in your phone work). No prior programming experience required.

M7293: Puzzles in Probability
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Justin Chen

You are presented with three doors, one of which hides an irresistible prize: a shiny, brand-new Bosch dishwasher. A natural fiend for home appliances, you desperately want to maximize your chances of winning, and you pick lucky door number three. Once you make your selection, I open door 2 to show you that it has nothing behind it. Then, I give you a final chance to either stick with door 3 or to switch to the other unopened door, door 1. A simple question lies between yourself and either riches or ruination... Should you switch?

The answer may seem obvious, but closer inspection can baffle our intuition. In this class, we will briefly explore how probability can allow us to reason about likelihood. Then, we will dive into a selection of ostensibly simple puzzles that showcase the difficulties and intrigues of understanding chance.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Penchant for participation and asking questions.

M7032: Card Counting
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Tom Knowles

Vegas is a beautiful system: a system designed to exploit you for as much of your money as they possibly can. And they're pretty good at that... But every system has bugs. In fact, a famous team of MIT undergrads exploited these bugs for 20 years, and made millions. But hey: anything MIT can do, Stanford can do better. I'll teach you the legal techniques card counters use to take money off casinos at the Blackjack table, and why they work. Real chips, real cards... no real money. And we'll learn a little probability and algorithmic game theory along the way.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
You *don't* need to be a math genius to card count. You actually don't need math at all, beyond basic addition and division. But this'll be more fun if you enjoy math at least a bit. :)

M6967: Computing (Fun)damentals
Difficulty: **

Ever suspected that computer science was more than just programming? Ever been excited by this suspicion? Ever wonder about the basic, fundamental building blocks that go into computer science, from graph theory to bit-shifting to recursion to logic gates? Never heard of these concepts before, but think they sound cool? Come join us to dive into these intriguing computing fundamentals!

Inspired by the Written computer theory questions on the American Computer Science League tournament questions, we're going to be exploring some of these fundamental concepts that will no doubt show up again if you plan to pursue computer science as a field of study (in more places than you'd expect). These concepts might sound daunting and complicated on the surface, but they can actually be really fun and accessible when you look at them from the right angle. That's what this class is for! We're assuming no background in these concepts at all, and only ask that you bring a curiosity to learn. :)


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Curiosity and a healthy appetite for learning! :)

M7263: How to Type Math (aka Introduction to LaTeX)
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Katherine Sytwu

"My math homework looks great on paper, but so clumsy looking when I type it up on the computer!" So how should you type up math equations? In this class, you'll learn about LaTeX, a math typesetting language that will make all of your math documents look beautiful. We'll walk through a brief algebra proof, and then work together to type it up in LaTeX. Don't rely on a clumsy equation editor ever again!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Algebra

M7279: Topology: Outside the Confines of the Physical World
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andy Chen

As the classic topology joke goes, "a topologist can't tell the difference between a donut and a coffee mug."

Imagine I gave you a ball of clay, and you could stretch the clay to make whatever shape you wanted? What sort of shapes could you make? (Yes, an XBox controller counts.)

In this introduction to topology, we'll talk about what when we can "deform" one shape to look like another. We'll discuss shapes such as spheres, torii (i.e. donuts that may or may not be edible), and Mobius strips, and we'll investigate properties such as Euler characteristic and orientability.

By the end, we'll grasp a geometric intuition that we typically don't get to see in the physical world (basically we'll become mathematical wizards).


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Some familiarity with geometry might help.

M6965: Introduction to the Terminal
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Neel Kishnani

Have you ever seen that black screen with green text the "hackers" use in the movies? Do you think that's what "coding" is all about? Come see how you can use that black screen too in this Introduction to the Terminal class. We will explore some of the inner workings of everyday computers and leave knowing some commands you can execute and impress your friends and family while using that black screen!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
Portable laptop computer recommended, not required.

M7015: Python Fundamentals
Difficulty: *

Want to become a software engineer? Data scientist? Machine learning expert? All these professions use Python, the world's fastest growing programming language, every single day!

In this workshop-style class, students will learn fundamental programming concepts such as loops, I/O, and conditionals in Python and apply them to solving real-world problems. Students will walk away with the skills needed to start programming on their own and exploring further interests in computer science.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
No prior programming experience required.

M7020: Breaking Codes
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Alexandre Bucquet

In this class, I hope to teach students about the history and techniques of codemaking-codebreaking.
I will cover different methods of encryption starting from Cesar ciphers to DeVigenere cipher to (if time permits) RSA.
The class should be accessible to most students that are interested in code-making/breaking, but may have some coding parts (as part of activities of code-breaking).


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Curiosity!

M7271: Probablity
Difficulty: **

Learn the basics and fundamentals of probability that will be useful in your lives.
What is the probability that both your alarm clocks fail to ring? What is the probability that a drug test gives a false positive reading? We will use probability trees and basic fundamentals to help answer such questions.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
None

M6942: AI Ethics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Eric Zelikman

You might have heard the often-referenced question of whether a self-driving car should prioritize passengers or pedestrians, but there's so much more to talk about in the ethics of AI. Should you release a model with large potential for misuse? When should we start worrying about self-preserving algorithms which act on the world? How do we determine responsibility when an algorithm causes social damage? What role should legislation play in answering these questions? We'll talk about these questions and many more.


Class Style
Discussion

M6963: Breaking Codes and Finding Patterns
Difficulty: ***

Are you interested in telling secrets? Learning the secrets of others? Explore the world of cryptography and code-breaking by doing it yourself. We will try our own hand at breaking some challenging but exciting codes. We will also consider the idea of patterns at large and how pattern finding is useful in breaking codes.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Interest in puzzle-solving.

M7008: How Bitcoin Will Change the World
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Conner Brown

In this lecture, we will cover what bitcoin is, how bitcoin works, and why it is so important as a technological development.

To do this, we will give real world examples of Bitcoin usage, and look at similarities of Bitcoin with other types of world changing technologies (i.e. the printing press, electricity, and the internet).


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
None! Everyone is welcome!

M7013: AI and Machine Learning 101
Difficulty: **

How do computers "learn"?

In this class, we will discuss various hot topics in artificial intelligence and machine learning, including neural networks, visual recognition, and natural language processing, as well as their applications in industry. Students will gain an understanding of the underlying principles behind AI and machine learning and how they are utilized in the modern world.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
An interest in computer science and machine learning.

M7162: Statistics of Games and Gambling
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David Lin

From auctions to sports betting to card games, the risk that gambling carries is enticing for enthusiasts and mathematically fascinating for statisticians. In this course, we'll talk about how to evaluate gameplay through the lens of statistics. By efficiently managing risk, we can decide when to play and how to play to win.


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with probability and statistics terminology.

M7240: How to identify sick soldiers: Coding Theory and Group Testing
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Margalit Glasgow

Imagine you have 1000 soldiers, and you want to identify the ones who may be sick with Syphilis. The problem is, conducting blood tests (which is the only way to test if a soldier is sick), is expensive! How can you figure out who is sick in as few blood tests as possible?

Come to this workshop to figure out how, and learn lots more about "group testing" and the larger area of error correcting codes, which is all about how to send messages when an evil adversary is allowed to corrupt some of the letters in your message. No prerequisite math knowledge is necessary, but come ready to put your math hat on and solve some difficult puzzles!


Class Style
Discussion

M7246: Game Design with Roblox
Difficulty: **

Do you like video games? Have you ever wanted to make one yourself? If you answered yes to either of them, then this class is for you! You will learn some fundamental game design principles, as well as how to make your own game in Roblox. We will discuss how you can think like a game designer, and practice playtesting and giving feedback. Everyone will create an obstacle course with checkpoints, and those of you who want a challenge can learn how to model buildings and create whole worlds! The core material will not contain any programming, but I am more than happy to help you if you want to add scripts to your game.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic computer skills required (using a browser, mouse, and keyboard), and gaming experience and love for games is a plus! No programming experience necessary.

M7259: Intro to NLP Techniques and Computational Linguistics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Olivia Li, Anin Sayana

This class will provide an overview of current approaches in natural language processing. Topics include data science for NLP, neural networks, and spam filtering.


Class Style
Lecture

M7274: Understanding Big Data: Data Analysis Through Programming
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: William Gearty

When most people think about computer science and programming, they think about websites and video games. However, in the age of Big Data, programming has become a vital tool for researchers (such as myself) that need to analyze lots of data. In this class, I will introduce R, an open source programming language for statistical computing and graphics. We'll start at the basics (2 + 2 = 4), and by the end you should be able to analyze any dataset and visualize your results with pretty graphs. We'll practice our new skills using some of the greatest data available (https://www.kaggle.com/rounakbanik/pokemon)!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No programming experience is required, but you should be able to type on a keyboard. Computers will be provided.

M7069: Introduction to Optimization in Microeconomic Consumer Theory
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Ophir Horovitz

Imagine: you have $20 in your pocket and are at a candy shop. Chocolate eggs are $2 per piece and gummy worms are $3 per bag. You enjoy eating chocolate eggs exactly twice as much as you enjoy eating gummy worms. How can we model this information using mathematical functions? More importantly, how many chocolate eggs should you get, and how many bags of gummy worms should you get? In this lecture, we will explore the fundamentals of optimization in consumer theory and learn how advanced math skills can be used to solve basic optimization problems such as that described above. Take this class if you are interested in applying math to practical fields like economics and are ready for a challenge!


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Knowledge of how to take derivatives in single-variable calculus

M7079: Human and Computer Vision
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: George John

The class covers human vision, computer image representation and manipulation, image recognition, and deep learning with convolutional neural networks. We'll use Python, Jupyter Notebooks, OpenCV, and TensorFlow. The class is taught in a lecture style and the focus is on exposing the students to these topics generally but concretely in the hope that they continue to explore these concepts after the class. For example, we'll actually train a neural network to recognize images during the class, but won't go through all of the behind-the-scenes math and computation. We'll also look at examples of cutting-edge startups that are using computer vision in healthcare, farming, and other applications. Handouts will give students pointers to online resources and open source software.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
none

M7174: P vs NP: The Problem Worth a Million Dollars
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Alex Tseng

We use computers to solve a lot of different problems, but some problems are easier than others to solve than others. Your phone easily tell you shortest path from San Francisco to Los Angeles, but it is much harder to figure out the quickest way to visit all the cities in California. In this class, we will be discussing some of the most famous problems in all of computer science. We will learn what makes them so hard, how closely they're related, and the (literal) million-dollar question of how difficult they truly are.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Preferably have taken (or are enrolled in) some computer science class.


Physical Education

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P7185: Quidditch
Difficulty: **

Come play Quidditch! Inspired by the fictional game from the Harry Potter universe, quidditch is a game that combines elements of basketball, soccer, and even dodgeball. In this class, you’ll learn the basic rules of quidditch and even play a few pick-up games.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No Harry Potter experience required. Activities will involve moderate athletic activity; come dressed and prepared accordingly.

P7275: Ultimate Frisbee!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Armin Namavari

All levels welcome! We'll cover the basics of throwing and catching, go over the rules of the game, and then dive deeper into strategies for offense and defense. We'll also learn some fun variations e.g. "Three Flags Up," "Mini," etc. We'll get it a good deal of playing time towards the end. Feel free to bring cleats if you have them, but they are definitely not required.


Class Style
Activity

P7227: Zumba
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sofia Monroy

Come dance with us and let the endorphins flow!!! :)


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
No dance experience required.


Social Sciences

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S6923: Predicting the Future: Tracking Consequence with Economic Fundamentals
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Nicholas Dwork

We will see how easy it is to predict the future consequences of public policy using economic fundamentals.


Class Style
Lecture

S6952: What's the Right Price of Two Dice?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yichuan Wang

Let's play a game. You roll a die, I roll a die, and we keep what we each got a secret. Now let's run an auction on the two dice. We both submit bids, and the person with the highest bid gets a score equal to the sum of the two dice minus his or her bid. What's the best strategy for playing this game? In this class we're going to dive into the math and economics behind this game and explore concepts like "Nash Equilibrium" and "Common Value Auction" and see how this knowledge guides the strategies companies use when bidding over natural resource rights.


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Algebra Basic Probability

S7011: Linguistics: How Language Works
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ken Hong, Andrew Yang

We use language every day, but what really is "language"?

Linguistics is the formal and scientific study of human language. In this class, we will explore the fundamentals of linguistics, including phonetics, semantics, syntax, and morphology, and its connections to other fields such as mathematics, formal logic, and computer science. Students will walk away having gained a basic understanding and appreciation for the beautiful intricacies of human language.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
No prior knowledge of linguistics assumed.

S7179: Love & Politics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joseph Cloward

"Yes, it is love that will save our world and our civilization, love even for enemies." - Martin Luther King, Jr.

"Love can only become false and perverted when it is used for political purposes such as the change or salvation of the world." - Hannah Arendt

"But if one accepts another man as good, and he turns out badly and is seen to do so, must one still love him? Surely it is impossible, since not everything can be loved, but only what is good." - Aristotle

Does love have a place in politics? Is love only a force for good or can it be a dangerous force when unleashed in the political world? If love has a place in politics, what kind of love should it be?

We will discuss these questions and others as we read brief text excerpts from a variety of political thinkers and consider them in the context of our modern political world. Great for anyone interested in politics, love, philosophy, or current events!


Class Style
Seminar

S7239: Essentials of U.S. Health Policy
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Nick Shankar

The United States health care system is incredibly complex, costs $3.5 trillion a year, and faces many long-term structural challenges. While most Americans agree health care reform is urgently needed, relatively few people — students included — know the fundamentals about how our health system is currently structured, and why it came to be the way it is. In this class, students will learn the essentials of how health care in the United States is provided and funded, and explore trends in health care spending, coverage, structure, and outcomes. We will also discuss recent health policy developments, such as the Affordable Care Act and proposals to repeal it.

Students will leave class better informed about how our health system works on a structural and policy level — knowledge needed to play a meaningful role in changing our system for the better. No prior knowledge of health care or health policy is needed for this class.


Class Style
Seminar

S7088: Economics, Business, and Society
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Veronica Pugin

What does the economy mean to us? What role does and should business play in society? How do metrics like GDP, poverty, inequality, and economic growth impact our communities' and our lives? This course will be taught by a Stanford MBA with a background in economics, economic development, business, and social impact.


Class Style
Lecture

S7229: Political Games
Difficulty: ***

This class is an introductory 'mini-course' in the fundamentals of game theory, introducing basic mathematical concepts like permutations, combinations, factorials and probabilities, as well as basic game theory problems and competitive models, such as the Prisoner's Dilemma, 'Chicken', The 'Battle of the Sexes' and the monopolistic 'trade war'. Students will develop and critique strategies of their own for case studies and draw interdisciplinary connections between history, law, economics, business and the natural sciences using game-theoretic approaches.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Some knowledge of calculus and an unending drive to learn!

S7256: The Ethics of Ethology: Animal Experimentation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Santos

Which animals get to roam free in the wild, and which ones end up in our homes and on our dinner tables? A lot of talk in recent years has centered on the ethics of zoos, going vegan/vegetarian, and what "animal rights" are and who gets to decide.

In this class, we'll focus on one question in specific: which animals end up in our research labs? Should we be okay with carrying out experiments that harm animals, but benefit us humans?

This class gives a brief introduction to the ethical debate surrounding animal experimentation in science. Join me for a brief lecture and a discussion/activity where we dive into perspectives from both sides of the issue!


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
An open mind and readiness to learn & share!

S7297: Map the World to Mold the World
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ryan Johnston

We have access to the most accurate maps of the world ever made on the phones in our pocket, but we don't often stop to ask who made these maps and why. This class will discuss the power of maps to shape the world around us and give students some tools to start shaping it themselves.


Class Style
Activity

S7308: Military History: The Ancient Greeks
Difficulty: **
Teachers: James Thieu

"Go tell the Spartans, passerby, that here by Spartan law we lie."
-King Leonidas of Sparta

When we think of the ancient Greeks, we often think of their contributions to philosophy, mathematics, and literature. However, the Greek city-states were constantly at war, and an important concept for many of them was the citizen-soldier.

In this course, we'll trace the history of Greek warfare from city-states all the way to the Successor Kingdoms after Alexander the Great's conquests.


Class Style
Lecture

S7092: Business Chinese and Chinese Business
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kiki Cao, Alex Quan

You will learn business communication in Chinese and business manners in China. First part of the class teaches basic business words in Chinese. Second part teaches communication in business environment and business manners in China. The goal of this course is to help you learn some useful Chinese words related to business, which will help you communicate with Chinese businessmen in international settings. The course will be a good opportunity to learn professional Chinese and how to do business in China.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Interested in Chinese or Business or Business in China

S7307: Military History: The Ancient Romans
Difficulty: **
Teachers: James Thieu

When we think of the Romans, many people immediately think of the highly-disciplined legions, who conquered from Egypt to Britain. Much of this military success can be attributed to their ability to learn from their opponents and adapt.

In this course, we'll be briefly tracing over the evolution of the Roman legions from Rome's founding all the way to the Fall of Rome.


Class Style
Lecture

S6933: Think Like an Archaeologist!

What do archaeologists do? In this class, we’ll learn how an archaeological site forms, practice making archaeological observations, and discuss how archaeology can help us understand the human past and present. We’ll work with real archaeological artifacts from the Stanford area as we practice these skills.


Class Style
Activity

S7218: How to Actually Change Your Mind
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Selwin George

"Nobody is open-minded these days. Except me, I'm open-minded. Also all the people that agree with me, they seem pretty open-minded, too."

As the title of the course implies, the feeling of open-mindedness is substantially different from open-mindedness itself. Even worse, the former tends to both be more pleasurable and require less work than the latter. Come learn how to overcome the neurological processes that nudge us toward bad beliefs, make us blind to counterevidence, and keep us from changing our minds when we really should.


Class Style
Lecture

Prerequisites
A most basic concept of probability

S7245: The Cuban Missile Crisis
Difficulty: **

The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the most dangerous moments in history. President John F. Kennedy believed the chance of nuclear war during the crisis was “one in three and even.” The Cuban Missile Crisis offers powerful lessons about crisis management and the danger of nuclear weapons. Join this class to learn more about this critical event in history, and try your own hand at handling a nuclear crisis.


Class Style
Seminar

S7288: Psychology + Social Good: Intervening Wisely on Society
Difficulty: ***

What does it mean to be psychologically wise? Do you want to be able to encourage yourself and other to make wise decisions? This class will explore the notion of changing people's behavior to be more positive and pro-social by looking at social psychology research within the fields of medicine, education, politics, relationships, and many more. We will then conduct these interventions on ourselves and learn how to apply them with other people and within our daily lives.


Class Style
Seminar


Visual and Performing Arts

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A7026: Indian Classical Music
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Durga Ganesh

South Indian classical music, also known as Carnatic music or Karnataka Sangeetham, is believed to have originated from the Sama Veda, an ancient scripture. Carnatic music began to diverge from its North Indian counterpart (commonly known as Hindustani music) during the Moghul establishment in India between 1200-1500 AD; while Hindustani music was shaped by heavy Persian influences, Carnatic music developed as a distinct art form that was largely unaffected by Islamic music.

This course will provide students with an introduction to Indian classical music, with an emphasis on Carnatic music. Students will learn the terminology of this genre of music as well as basic theory. However, the main focus of the class will be on teaching students to appreciate the art form in an interactive manner, with videos, audio clips, and even a live demonstration.


Class Style
Lecture

A7073: Taylor Swift, meet Bach
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vishesh Gupta

What do Taylor Swift and Bach have in common? In this class we will investigate the underpinnings of music, starting with notes, intervals, and moving up to chords and chord progressions.

Then we will look at famous old composers and compare their music to the modern generation!

You'll be able to write yourself a hit song at the end of this class :)


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Should be able to read the notes on the staff. This class is geared towards students who have yet to learn music theory, but have played music. There are many ways to learn the notes online should you want to take the class but not know how yet.

A7317: Keyboard Music before 1800
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

The musical culture and keyboard instruments of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, and their contemporaries were quite different from our own. Through playing on representative historical keyboard instruments, we will explore the historical context and performance practice of keyboard music from the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries.

Bring two contrasting selections of your favorite Baroque or early Classical keyboard music (five to ten minutes in total) to perform for the seminar.


Class Style
Seminar

Prerequisites
Ability to play a prelude or invention of J.S. Bach; movement of a Mozart sonata; or equivalent

A6926: Building Worlds and Breaking Down Barriers: Creating Unexpected Theatre
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered what makes theatre so magical? How you can enter into a performance space and become immediately immersed in the action onstage? Have you ever wanted to make a fake murder* seem as realistic as possible?

Join The Stanford Shakespeare Company and learn how to design for plays! Whether you're interested in creating costumes, sets, lights, or sound, we will work together to bring your vision to life. If you like technical theatre, acting, or just having fun and creating art, this class is for you!

*Please note, The Stanford Shakespeare Company does not condone murdering your classmates, no matter how many productions of Macbeth they insist on performing.


Class Style
Activity

A7074: Harmony Hacks
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Vishesh Gupta

Tired of the same old 4-chord songs?

We're going to discuss the following tools to spice up your chord changes

-- color chords and related scales
-- chord substitutions
-- changing the cadence
-- modulating keys
-- going modal
-- and more!

Everything is subjective so come prepared make your own judgements, and expand your ears!
I'll not be talking at you - we'll be holding a group discussion about these ideas.

If you'd like (it's optional) you can bring:
- a song you like that you'd like to add color to
- a song you like that you want to analyze/reharmonize together
- cool ideas for tonality you've heard about somewhere
- or anything else you feel is relevant.

I'll also leave the last half of class open for you to bring up your own ideas so we can discuss them openly together.
I also have many resources to share with you at the end of class so you can continue exploring!


Class Style
Discussion

Prerequisites
C Dm G7 C is a I ii V7 I chord change. Yes? No? If you know, you're good. In general - strong understanding of how chords work and how to read chord symbols. You can teach yourself by playing around: http://www.tsmp.org/keyboard/lias/pdf/symbols.pdf. There are many good resources for learning basic chord symbols and analysis, so don't feel shy about not knowing everything before you sign up - you can brush up your skills before class if you get in!

A7276: Improv
Difficulty: **

This class will be a short intro to improv acting! We'll begin by playing some common improv games and then transition into short scenes. We will discuss the principles of improv, narrative skills, character development, etc.


Class Style
Activity

A7072: Culinary Artists: Playing With Your Food
Difficulty: *

Your eyes can taste, too. In fact, they make your most important taste of the meal: the very first one.

We will open the world of culinary play, allowing students to gain a new sense of confidence in their artistic abilities and cooking know-how. With plating techniques like quenelle, shmears, foams, and garnishes, students will expand their culinary tool belt that they can use in their daily lives. The class is organized around a set of hands-on activities in which students plate a variety of pre-made ingredients and sauces, learning as they go!

It doesn’t take expensive, fancy food to have a beautiful and meaningful plate.


Class Style
Activity

A7076: Fundamentals in Modern Composition
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Mingqian Tan

Have you ever wondered why your favorite piece of music sounds so good? What about why your favorite movie just isn’t the same without its amazing soundtrack? Or why you and your friend disagree on whether the latest pop song is catchy? In this class, we’ll introduce you to the various aspects of musical form and function that shape the piece’s purpose. Then, you’ll be able to use what we’ve discussed to make your own piece of music in class!


Class Style
Activity

Prerequisites
Basic exposure to music: about 0.5-1 year of instrument playing, or really just knowing the concepts of pitch, rhythm, and reading the treble/bass clefs. However, no prior knowledge of theory is necessary! This is not a theory class; we'll discuss some foundations of theory but won't get you bogged down in the details. (Also, if you have a personal laptop/device feel free to bring it for the workshop session! Computers will be provided for all students though.)

A6925: Performing Shakespeare
Difficulty: **

Like bad puns? Fake deaths? Love triangles? Secret twins??? Come join StanShakes and learn all about the original soap operas.

Shakespeare is ridiculous and beautiful, but also super confusing and weird. (Godgigoden! Gramercy! 'Sblood!) We will teach you how to understand and perform Shakespeare so you can impress your friends. No acting experience is required, but a willingness to be silly is highly recommended.


Class Style
Activity

A7080: The Business of Fashion
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ashley Overbeek

As Dries Van Noten stated in his eponymous documentary, fashion is a commodified art form by its very nature. The industry toes a delicate balance between selling clothes and maintaining artistic integrity (and in the case of some luxury brands, maintaining exclusivity). In this course, take a look at the diverse business structures and economics of the fashion industry, delving into case studies on Louis Vuitton, Supreme and Palace Skateboards, and Burberry. After learning the basics, you'll be able to work through a hands-on fashion business activity with other students (materials provided)!


Class Style
Seminar

A7224: Creativity Uncorked: Explore Techniques and Mediums of Doing Art
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yuqi Yao

Have you ever thought about creating art with a cotton ball, a toothbrush, or even with your body movement? Come to learn how to transform mundane objects into powerful art tools, and explore different techniques and mediums of creating art.

(All supplies will be provided. No experience required.)


Class Style
Activity

A6948: Drawing 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lien Nguyen

Think you have no artistic talent? Think again! Everyone can draw with a little bit of know-how. In this class, we'll be learning the basics of drawing from life. We'll discuss shading and proportions. Even if you've never picked up a pencil in your life, everyone will walk out as an artist.


Class Style
Activity